Realism is the view that things exist independently of the mind. There are three main types of realism that are based on that premise: (1) the view that affirms, in opposition to nominalism, that universals (and perhaps other abstract objects) exist; (2) the view that affirms, in opposition to idealism, that things exist apart from the perception or conscious experience of them; (3) the view that affirms, in opposition to antirealism, that (most or all) things exist independently of conceptual schemes, that is, our particular ways of thinking about the world. To be a realist in the sense of (1) is to affirm that such a thing as beauty exists in addition to the beautiful particulars that exemplify it. To be a realist in the sense of (2) is to affirm that the tree exists even if there is no one in the quad to perceive it. To be a realist in the sense of (3) is to reject Kant's thesis that reality is constituted by our mental concepts, and to deny that existence is only relative to a conceptual scheme. As defined, (3) allows the possibility that some things exist in the realist sense (for example, trees, people) while other things exist only relative to a conceptual scheme (for example, money, chairs). Considered thus far, realism is a metaphysical position, but (3) can also be applied to truth. Alethic realism is the conviction that truth obtains independently of thought, language or conceptual schemes. Antirealist theories view truth as something that exists only relative to human thought (coherentism) or the achievement of human ends (pragmatism). Many Christian philosophers believe that a Christian worldview entails realism, and certainly it would be curious for a Christian to claim that God exists only relative to our conception of God.
   Further reading: Alston 2001; Alston 2002; French, Uehling and Wettstein 1988; Kulp 1997; Wright 1987

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Realism — Realism, Realist or Realistic may refer to:The arts*Realism (arts), the depiction of subjects as they appear in everyday life *Realism (dramatic arts), a movement towards greater fidelity to real life *Realism (visual arts), a style of painting… …   Wikipedia

  • realism — REALÍSM s.n. Mişcare, curent, atitudine în creaţia sau teoria literară şi artistică având ca principiu de bază reflectarea realităţii în datele ei esenţiale, obiective, caracteristice. ♦ Nume generic pentru concepţiile filozofice care recunosc… …   Dicționar Român

  • Realism — Re al*ism (r[=e] al*[i^]z m), n. [Cf. F. r[ e]alisme.] 1. (Philos.) (a) As opposed to nominalism, the doctrine that genera and species are real things or entities, existing independently of our conceptions. According to realism the Universal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • realism — realism/anti realism …   Philosophy dictionary

  • realism — index pragmatism, truth Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 realism …   Law dictionary

  • realism — (n.) 1817, from REAL (Cf. real) (adj.) + ISM (Cf. ism); after Fr. réalisme or Ger. Realismus; from L.L. realis real. Opposed to idealism in philosophy, art, etc. In reference to scholastic doctrine of Thomas Aquinas (opposed to nominalism) it is… …   Etymology dictionary

  • realism — ► NOUN 1) the practice of accepting a situation as it is and dealing with it accordingly. 2) (in art or literature) the representation of things in a way that is accurate and true to life. 3) Philosophy the doctrine that universals or abstract… …   English terms dictionary

  • realism — [rē′ə liz΄əm] n. [< Ger realismus < ModL < ML realis,REAL1 + ismus, ISM] 1. a tendency to face facts and be practical rather than imaginative or visionary 2. the picturing in art and literature of people and things as they really appear… …   English World dictionary

  • realism — /ree euh liz euhm/, n. 1. interest in or concern for the actual or real, as distinguished from the abstract, speculative, etc. 2. the tendency to view or represent things as they really are. 3. Fine Arts. a. treatment of forms, colors, space, etc …   Universalium

  • realism — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ political ▪ gritty, stark ▪ the stark realism of Loach s films ▪ literary ▪ magic …   Collocations dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”